April 15, 2021 – The central theme of attachment theory is that caregivers who were nurturing, responsive, and available to the needs of their child allowed them to feel secure, thus creating a secure attachment style. However, children whose needs were not met consistently, or ever, go on to develop one of the three insecure styles of attachment. Additionally, Bowlby believed that the way children bonded with their primary caregivers in childhood continued through life and impacted future relationships. As children grow, they begin to form bonds with their caregivers. Rudolph Schaffer and Peggy Emerson observed 60 infants during the first year of life, every four weeks, and again at 18. This data allowed Shaffer and Emerson to observe four phases of attachment. 



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