Sept. 9, 2023 – Again, there are many ways to understand the meaning and implications of each step[i], and I am not speaking on behalf of A.A. What follows is only one perspective on step five filtered through my experience as an addiction psychiatrist.

My goal is to offer thoughts on the psychological depth contained in the Twelve Step approach to recovery from addiction 

The searching and fearless moral inventory of one’s character, so personal and private during the fourth step, becomes the outline for step five. The fifth step’s goal is to reduce alcoholics’ shame and increase connection. The method for achieving this is to increase one’s transparency.